Ohara, Kyoko

写真a

Affiliation

Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Foreign Languages and Liberal Arts (Hiyoshi)

Position

Professor

Related Websites

Remarks

Kyoko Hirose (Maiden Name)

External Links

Profile Summary 【 Display / hide

  • ''Cognitive Linguistics, Corpus Linguistics, Comparative studies of Japanese and English''

Career 【 Display / hide

  • 1985.04
    -
    1995.01

    IBM Japan, Ltd.

  • 1986.06
    -
    1988.06

    Japanese Language Processing Group, IBM Tokyo Research Laboratory

  • 1989.06
    -
    1995.01

    Overseas Graduate Study Program, IBM Japan, Ltd.

  • 1996.04
    -
    2003.03

    Assistant Professor, Faculty of Science and Technology, Keio University

  • 2003.04
    -
    2007.03

    Associate Professor, Faculty of Science and Technology, Keio University

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Academic Background 【 Display / hide

  • 1981.04
    -
    1985.03

    The University of Tokyo, Faculty of Liberal Arts, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences

    University, Graduated

  • 1991.08
    -
    1996.03

    Other, Department of Linguistics

    United States, Graduate School, Completed, Doctoral course

  • 1983.04
    -
    1985.03

    The University of Tokyo, -

    University, Completed

  • 1989.08
    -
    1991.05

    Other, Department of Linguistics

    United States, Graduate School, Completed, Master's course

Academic Degrees 【 Display / hide

  • Ph.D., University of California at Berkeley, Coursework, 1996.03

  • Master of Arts in Linguistics, University of California at Berkeley, Coursework, 1991.05

Matters concerning Career Achievements 【 Display / hide

  • 2000.04
    -
    2005.03

    Faculty of Science and Technology, Keio University

  • 2001.10
    -
    2005.03

    Faculty of Science and Technology, Keio University

  • 2002.07
    -
    Present

    Member of Keio Resesarch Center for the Liberal Arts

  • 2002.10
    -
    2004.09

    Academic Advisor, Faculty of Science and Technology, Keio University

  • 2007.04
    -
    2007.09

    Member of Academic Advisory Committee, Keio Research Center for Foreign Language Education

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Research Areas 【 Display / hide

  • Humanities & Social Sciences / Linguistics

Research Keywords 【 Display / hide

  • Frame Semantics

  • Contrastive Analysis of Japanese and English

  • Construction Grammar

  • Natural Language Processing

  • Cognitive Linguistics

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Research Themes 【 Display / hide

  • フレーム意味論と構文文法に基づく日本語構文データベースの構築, 

    2015.04
    -
    2018.03

  • Japanese FrameNet Database, 

    2013
    -
    2017

  • BCCWJコアデータ白書への意味フレームアノテーション, 

    2012.04
    -
    2014.03

  • Linguistic Resource for Understanding Sentential Meanings based on Semantic Frames and Corpora, 

    2012
    -
    2015

  • フレーム意味論とコーパスデータに基づく日本語語彙情報資源「日本語フレームネット」の構築, 

    2007.04
    -
    2011.03

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Books 【 Display / hide

  • Contributions of Frame Semantics: Verbs and their surroundings

    Yo Matsumoto, Kyoko Ohara, Kaitakusha, 2022.03,  Page: 236

    Scope: 序章 「フレーム、フレーム意味論、フレームネット」,  Contact page: 1-17

     View Summary

    フィルモアの提唱したフレーム意味論の立場から、動詞と関わる意味論的諸問題に多面的に取り組む日本で初めての書物である。言語表現が喚起する背景知識の総体である「フレーム」の概念を用いて、11名の研究者が、語、構文・イディオム、語形成などに関する意味論の課題に新しい答えを見出している。

  • Contributions of Frame Semantics: Verbs and their surroundings

    Kyoko Ohara, Yoko Hasegawa, Kaitakusha, 2022.03,  Page: 236

    Scope: Chapter 1: Interpretation predicates and content predicates: An analysis of English and Japanese sentence structures involving the Run_risk frame,  Contact page: 20-41

  • The Encyclopedia of Cognitive Linguistics

    Tsuji, Yukio. (Ed.), Asakura Publishing Co., Ltd., 2019.10

    Scope: フレーム意味論(第2.8章),  Contact page: 175-182

  • Constructicography: Constructicon development across languages

    Lyngfelt, Benjamin, Lars Borin, KYOKO OHARA, Tiago Timponi Torrent, John Benjamins Publishing, 2018.07

    Scope: Chapter 5 "Relations between frames and constructions: A proposal from the Japanese FrameNet constructicon" pp.141-164

     View Summary

    This chapter discusses relations between frames and constructions, based on the constructicon-building project within the Japanese FrameNet (JFN) project. The aims are: to clarify distinctions between a framenet lexicon and a constructicon; and to contribute to the on-going discussion on whether all constructions are “meaning-bearing.” I will argue that a framenet analysis involves annotating frame-based syntactic/semantic structures of words (simple words and multiwords), while a constructicon annotation pertains to describing the internal and external syntax/semantics of linguistic objects that have complex structures. While maintaining that all constructions are meaning-bearing, I will point out that meaning structures of some constructions may not involve frames and propose a frame-based classification of constructions. Finally, I will suggest that a constructicon annotation needs both semantic frames and interactional frames.

  • Constructicography: Constructicon development across languages

    Lyngfelt, Benjamin, Lars Borin, KYOKO OHARA, Tiago Timponi Torrent, John Benjamins Publishing, 2018.07,  Page: 321

     View Summary

    In constructionist theory, a constructicon is an inventory of constructions making up the full set of linguistic units in a language. In applied practice, it is a set of construction descriptions – a “dictionary of constructions”. The development of constructicons in the latter sense typically means combining principles of both construction grammar and lexicography, and is probably best characterized as a blend between the two traditions. We call this blend constructicography.
    The present volume is a comprehensive introduction to the emerging field of constructicography. After a general introduction follow six chapters presenting constructicon projects for English, German, Japanese, Brazilian Portuguese, Russian, and Swedish, respectively, often in relation to a framenet of the language. In addition, there is a chapter addressing the interplay between linguistics and language technology in constructicon development, and a final chapter exploring the prospects for interlingual constructicography.

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Papers 【 Display / hide

  • Extraction of verb hierarchical structures from FrameNet

    Ran Iwamoto, Kyoko Ohara

    言語処理学会予稿集    962 - 966 2022.03

    Research paper (conference, symposium, etc.), Joint Work, Last author

  • Constructing large-scale semantic frame knowledge with crowdsourcing

    Kyoko Ohara, Daisuke Kawahara, Ryohei Sasano, Satoshi Sekine

    言語処理学会第27回年次大会発表論文集 (The Association for Natural Language Processing)     554 - 558 2021.03

    Research paper (other academic), Joint Work, Lead author, Corresponding author

  • Finding Corresponding Constructions in English and Japanese in a TED Talk Parallel Corpus using Frames-and-Constructions Analysis

    Ohara, Kyoko

    Proceedings of LREC 2020 International FrameNet Workshop 2020: Towards a Global, Multilingual FrameNet (LREC 2020 Language Resources and Evaluation Conference)     8 - 12 2020.05

    Research paper (international conference proceedings), Single Work, Accepted

  • Finding corresponding constructions in a Japanese-English Contrastive children’s book using the frames-and-constructions analysis

    Ohara, Kyoko & Yoshiko Okubo

    言語処理学会第26回年次大会発表論文集 (The Association for Natural Language Processing)     921 - 924 2020.03

    Research paper (other academic), Joint Work

  • 日英対訳絵本の語彙から見た日本語フレームネットと英語フレームネット

    小原 京子, 大久保佳子

    言語処理学会第25回年次大会予稿集 (言語処理学会)     312 - 315 2019.03

    Research paper (other academic), Joint Work

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Papers, etc., Registered in KOARA 【 Display / hide

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Reviews, Commentaries, etc. 【 Display / hide

  • Preface

    Lyngfelt B., Borin L., Ohara K., Torrent T.

    Constructional Approaches to Language (Constructional Approaches to Language)  22   vii - viii 2018

    ISSN  9789027201003

  • 日本語フレームネットに見る文法と語彙の連続性

    OHARA, KYOKO H

    JCLA Conference Handbook 2014 (日本認知言語学会)     255 - 258 2014.09

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference), Single Work

  • 意味フレームに基づく日英バイリンガル語彙データベースの構築

    小原 京子

    『慶應義塾大学教養研究センター2009年度 活動報告書』    21-22 2010.08

    Rapid communication, short report, research note, etc. (bulletin of university, research institution), Single Work

  • 意味フレームに基づく日英バイリンガル語彙データベースの構築

    小原 京子

    『慶應義塾大学教養研究センター2008年度活動報告書』    28-29 2009.08

    Rapid communication, short report, research note, etc. (bulletin of university, research institution), Single Work

  • 「コーパスに基づく日本語主観移動表現のフレーム意味論的分析:英語との比較から」

    OHARA KYOKO

    日本認知科学会第25回大会発表論文集 (日本認知科学会)     16-17 2008.09

    Research paper, summary (national, other academic conference), Single Work

     View Summary

    コーパス、インターネット上のデータを題材に、日本語の主観移動表現の用法や分布について、意味フレームを用いて英語との比較対照の観点から分析した。

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Presentations 【 Display / hide

  • FrameNetからの動詞階層構造の抽出

    岩本蘭、小原京子

    言語処理学会第28回年次大会, 

    2022.03

    Poster presentation, 言語処理学会

  • 解釈述語、内容述語の主要部交替から見た日英語の文構造

    小原京子, 長谷川葉子

    Prosody and Grammar Festa 6 (オンライン) , 

    2022.01

    Oral presentation (general), 国立国語研究所、神戸大学 人文学研究科

     View Summary

    述語の分類:内容述語・解釈述語を提案。
    これらの間に見られる「主要部交替」に着目して、
    解釈述語riskの意味を表す英語と日本語の文構造の比較。
    日英語間には主要部交替の許容度に差がある。
    日英語間の、述語の事象描写性の程度の違いによる。

  • Crowdsourcing frame disambiguation in Japanese FrameNet: what it says about annotation and frame assignment

    Kyoko OHara

    11th International Conference on Construction Grammar (ICCG11), 

    2021.08

    Oral presentation (general)

     View Summary

    This paper discusses the usefulness of crowdsourcing in linking Japanese FrameNet (JFN) and Kyoto University Case Frame (KCF), which differ in: type of frame knowledge (semantic frames vs. case frames); methodology of building (manual vs. automatic); and size (small vs. large). It proposes a method to crowdsource the assignment of a JFN semantic frame to KCF case frames. The method matches a KCF example sentence with a JFN annotated sentence, where both share the same meaning of a lemma. This paper argues that crowdsourcing frame disambiguation is effective in detecting multiword expressions (MWEs), missing frames and lexical units (LUs), and errors in frame assignment in Japanese FrameNet (JFN). It also proposes ways to alleviate the linguistic task of evaluating crowdsourced results, in deciding what kinds of lemmas to focus, where to find them, and what to do with them.

  • Interactional Frames in a Literary Work: Multiple Levels of Interaction

    Kyoko Ohara, Miriam R. L. Petruck

    17th International Pragmatics Conference (IPrA2021), 

    2021.06

    Oral presentation (general)

     View Summary

    This paper addresses the interactional frame insofar as it mediates between author and reader in the opening of a “children’s” book, Antoine de Saint-Exupéry’s (1943) The Little Prince.

  • Interactional Frames and Language Resource Development

    Kyoko Ohara, Miriam R. L. Petruck

    17th International Pragmatics Conference (IPrA2021), 

    2021.06

    Oral presentation (keynote)

     View Summary

    Motivated by Fillmore’s characterization of interactional frames (1982:117), the goal of this panel is to bring together theoretical linguists working in pragmatics with frame semanticists, creators of FrameNet-inspired lexica (Ruppenhofer et al., 2016, Boas 2009) and constructicons (Lyngfelt et al., 2018), as well as developers of real world applications. The panel will provide a forum to discuss the importance of the role of interactional frames in human language understanding as well as the challenges and consequences of representing Fillmore’s interactional frames in resources based on Frame Semantics and Construction Grammar.

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Research Projects of Competitive Funds, etc. 【 Display / hide

  • 高度な文意理解システムのための、集合知による意味フレームと格フレームの統合

    2020.04
    -
    2023.03

    慶應義塾, 慶應義塾次世代研究プロジェクト推進プログラム, Research grant, Principal investigator

     View Summary

    「意味フレーム」と「格フレーム」という2種類のフレーム知識を集合知(クラウドソーシング)で対応づけることにより、高度 な言語理解システム実現のための言語資源を構築する。

  • Linking semantic frames and case frames via crowdsourcing

    2018.04
    -
    Present

    慶應義塾大学, Keio Gijuku Academic Development Funds, Kyoko Ohara, Research grant, Principal investigator

  • 深い意味処理のための統合日本語コーパスの開発と言語研究

    2017.04
    -
    2018.03

    慶應義塾大学, Keio Gijuku Academic Development Funds, Kyoko Ohara, Research grant, Principal investigator

  • 日本語フレームネットからのマルチリンガルフレームネット構想への提案

    2016.05

    Keio University, Keio Gijuku Koizumi Memorial Fund for the Advancement of Education and Research, Kyoko Ohara, Research grant, Principal investigator

  • フレーム意味論と構文文法に基づく日本語構文データベースの構築

    2015.04
    -
    2018.03

    JSPS, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research, Kyoko Ohara, Research grant, Principal investigator

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Works 【 Display / hide

  • ワークショップ開催

    OHARA KYOKO

    東京 (東京大学駒場キャンパス), 

    2004.03

    Other, Joint

  • インターネット環境を利用した英作文授業

    OHARA KYOKO

    2004.01
    -
    Present

    Other, Single

  • インターネットを利用した英作文授業

    OHARA KYOKO

    2002.10
    -
    Present

    Other, Single

  • 公開講演会開催/Michael Barlow「ParaConc:A concordance for parallel texts」

    OHARA KYOKO

    横浜 慶應義塾大学日吉キャンパス来往舎, 

    2002.07
    -
    Present

    Other, Joint

  • ハンズオントレーニング(実地体験指導)として授業への還元/フレーム意味論・構文的アプローチに基づくオンライン日本語語彙情報資源の構築

    OHARA KYOKO

    2002
    -
    2004

    Other, Joint

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Awards 【 Display / hide

  • 日本アイ・ビー・エム株式会社システムズ・エンジニア技術論文シンポジウム ;優秀論文賞

    Kyoko Hirose, 1988.10, IBM Japan, Ltd., 「日英機械翻訳システムの言語学的枠組」

  • 日本アイ・ビー・エム株式会社システムズ・エンジニア技術論文シンポジウム ;入選

    Kyoko Hirose, 1987.10, IBM Japan, Ltd., 「日英機械翻訳システム:中間表現を用いたアスペクトの翻訳」

 

Courses Taught 【 Display / hide

  • WRITING IN ENGLISH 5

    2022

  • SPECIAL LECTURE OF ENGLISH LINGUISTICS 2

    2022

  • SPECIAL LECTURE OF ENGLISH LINGUISTICS 1

    2022

  • SEMINAR IN HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES (LINGUISTIC SCIENCE)

    2022

  • LINGUISTIC EPISTEMOLOGY

    2022

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Courses Previously Taught 【 Display / hide

  • 言語認識論

    Keio University

    2018.04
    -
    2019.03

    Spring Semester, Lecture, Within own faculty, 2h, 302people

  • 英語学特殊講義

    Keio University

    2018.04
    -
    2019.03

    Full academic year, Lecture, Within own faculty, 2h

  • 自然言語処理特論

    Keio University

    2018.04
    -
    2019.03

    Autumn Semester, Lecture, Within own faculty, 2h, 58people

  • グローバルリーダーシップセミナー

    慶應義塾大学理工学部

    2018.04
    -
    2019.03

  • テクニカル・コミュニケーション

    慶應義塾大学理工学研究科

    2018.04
    -
    2019.03

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Educational Activities and Special Notes 【 Display / hide

  • 2021年度理工学部ベストレクチャー

    2021.04
    -
    2022.03

    , Evaluation of Educational Capability

  • 慶應義塾大学理工学部「グローバルリーダーシップセミナー」連携委員会委員長

    2014.04
    -
    2017.03

    , Special Affairs

  • 慶應義塾大学理工学部「グローバルリーダーシップセミナー」推進委員会委員長

    2013.04
    -
    2014.03

    , Special Affairs

  • 慶應義塾大学理工学部「グローバルリーダーシップセミナー」設置準備委員会委員長

    2012.04
    -
    2013.03

    , Special Affairs

  • 慶應義塾大学理工学部「国際人材育成セミナー(仮称)」ワーキンググループ責任者

    2011.04
    -
    2012.03

    , Special Affairs

 

Social Activities 【 Display / hide

  • 認知言語学へのお誘い:ことば・こころ・AI

    デュッセルドルフ日本語補修校, 修了生クラス (デュッセルドルフ日本語補修校(オンライン))

    2022.02

     View Summary

    デュッセルドルフ日本語補修校修了生クラス(日本で言うと高校生)での特別授業。内容は、認知言語学の入門編で、テーマは「ことば・こころ・AI」。

  • コミュニケーション技術とヒトのコミュニケーション:ことばの意味・共感・対話

    日独ユースサミット, 講演 (慶應義塾大学日吉キャンパス)

    2018.08

Memberships in Academic Societies 【 Display / hide

  • The Association for Natural Language Processing, 

    2008.03
    -
    Present
  • The Japanese Cognitive Linguistics Society, 

    2000
    -
    Present
  • The Linguistic Society of Japan, 

    1998
    -
    Present
  • Japanese Cognitive Science Society, 

    1997
    -
    Present
  • The English Linguistic Society of Japan, 

    1996
    -
    Present

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Committee Experiences 【 Display / hide

  • 2020.06
    -
    Present

    評議員, 慶応工学会

  • 2019.10
    -
    2021.08

    Program Committee Member, 11th International Conference on Construction Grammar (ICCG11)

  • 2018.07
    -
    2019.08

    Track chair for reviews, 11th International Cognitive Linguistics Conference (ICLC 15)

  • 2017.08
    -
    2018.07

    Scientific Committee Member, Tenth International Conference on Construction Grammar (ICCG 10)

  • 2015.08
    -
    2016.07

    特別研究員等審査会専門委員, 独立行政法人日本学術振興会

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