大澤 祐介 (オオサワ ユウスケ)

Osawa, Yusuke

写真a

所属(所属キャンパス)

健康マネジメント研究科 (湘南藤沢)

職名

准教授

その他の所属・職名 【 表示 / 非表示

  • スポーツ医学研究センター, 兼担所員

学位 【 表示 / 非表示

  • 健康マネジメント学, 慶應義塾大学, 課程, 2007年03月

  • 博士(健康マネジメント学), 慶應義塾大学, 課程, 2011年08月

    Effects of resistance training with whole-body vibration on muscle fitness and program design for untrained healthy adults

 

研究分野 【 表示 / 非表示

  • ライフサイエンス / 医療管理学、医療系社会学 (老化 運動)

  • ライフサイエンス / スポーツ科学

研究キーワード 【 表示 / 非表示

  • 老化 疫学 プロテオミクス解析 サルコペニア

 

論文 【 表示 / 非表示

  • Plasma amino acid signature for sarcopenic phenotypes in community-dwelling octogenarians: Results from the Kawasaki Aging Wellbeing Project.

    Osawa Y, Candia J, Abe Y, Tajima T, Oguma Y, Arai Y

    Experimental gerontology (Experimental Gerontology)  178   112230 2023年07月

    単著,  ISSN  0531-5565

     概要を見る

    Sarcopenia is one of the primary risk factors for various adverse health events in later life. However, its pathophysiology in the very old population remains unclear. Hence, this study aimed to examine whether plasma free amino acids (PFAAs) correlate with major sarcopenic phenotypes (i.e., muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance) in community-dwelling adults aged 85–89 years living in Japan. Cross-sectional data from the Kawasaki Aging Well-being Project were used. We included 133 adults aged 85–89 years. In this study, fasting blood was collected to measure 20 plasma PFAAs. Measures for the three major sarcopenic phenotypes included appendicular lean mass assessed by multifrequency bioimpedance, isometric handgrip strength, and gait speed from a 5 m walk at a usual pace. Furthermore, we used phenotype–specific elastic net regression models adjusted for age centered at 85 years, sex, body mass index, education level, smoking status, and drinking habit to identify significant PFAAs for each sarcopenic phenotype. Higher histidine and lower alanine levels were associated with poor gait speed, but no PFAAs correlated with muscle strength or mass. In conclusion, PFAAs such as plasma histidine and alanine are novel blood biomarkers associated with physical performance in community-dwelling adults aged 85 years or older.

  • The association between sleep parameters and sarcopenia in Japanese community-dwelling older adults.

    Shibuki T, Iida M, Harada S, Kato S, Kuwabara K, Hirata A, Sata M, Matsumoto M, Osawa Y, Okamura T, Sugiyama D, Takebayashi T

    Archives of gerontology and geriatrics (Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics)  109   104948 2023年06月

    単著,  ISSN  0167-4943

     概要を見る

    Purpose: This study aimed to examine the association between sleep duration and quality and sarcopenia, assessed by factors such as low muscle mass (LMM), low muscle strength (LMS), and low physical performance (LPP) among older community-dwellers in Japan. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 2,069 (men, 902; women, 1,167) participants aged 65 to 80 years were included. Sarcopenia and each low physical function were defined using the definitions of the Asian Working Groups of Sarcopenia 2019. Sleep duration was stratified into three categories: short sleep (<6 h), normal sleep (6-8 h), and long sleep (>8 h). Sleep quality was classified into two groups based on 8-item Athens Insomnia Scale score: insomnia (≥6), and non-insomnia (<6). We analyzed the association between sleep parameters and sarcopenia, including low physical functions, by logistic regression analysis. Results: Compared to normal sleepers, long sleepers had a positive association with sarcopenia (odds ratio [OR] 2.11, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.25-3.58). In particular, long sleep was strongly associated with LMS (OR 1.77, 95%CI 1.07-2.94) and LPP (OR 1.90, 95%CI 1.25-2.88). On the other hand, poor sleep quality was not associated with sarcopenia in long sleepers, but in normal sleepers. Conclusions: Long sleep was associated with sarcopenia, including LMS and LPP. However, in long sleepers, insomnia was not associated with sarcopenia or any of its components.

  • Plasma growth and differentiation factor 15 predict longitudinal changes in bone parameters in women, but not in men.

    Osawa Y, Tanaka T, Semba RD, Fantoni G, Moaddel R, Candia J, Simonsick EM, Bandinelli S, Ferrucci L

    The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences 2022年04月

    単著,  ISSN  1079-5006

  • Proteins in the pathway from high red blood cell width distribution to all-cause mortality.

    Osawa Y, Tanaka T, Semba RD, Fantoni G, Moaddel R, Candia J, Simonsick EM, Bandinelli S, Ferrucci L

    EBioMedicine (eBioMedicine)  76   103816 2022年01月

    研究論文(学術雑誌), 単著, 査読有り

     概要を見る

    Background: The pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the association between red blood cell distribution width (RDW) and all-cause mortality are unknown. We conducted a data-driven discovery investigation to identify plasma proteins that mediate the association between RDW and time to death in community-dwelling adults. Methods: At baseline, 962 adults (women, 54·4%; age range, 21–98 years) participated in the InCHIANTI, “Aging in the Chianti Area” study, and proteomics data were generated from their plasma specimens. Of these, 623 participants had proteomics data available at the 9-year follow-up. For each visit, a total of 1301 plasma proteins were measured using SOMAscan technology. Complete data on vital status were available up to the 15-year follow-up period. Protein-specific exponential distribution accelerated failure time, and linear regression analyses adjusted for possible covariates were used for mortality and mediation analyses, respectively (survival data analysis). Findings: Baseline values of EGFR, GHR, NTRK3, SOD2, KLRF1, THBS2, TIMP1, IGFBP2, C9, APOB, and LRP1B mediated the association between baseline RDW and all-cause mortality. Changes in IGFBP2 and C7 over 9 years mediated the association between changes in RDW and 6-year all-cause mortality. Interpretation: Cellular senescence may contribute to the association between RDW and mortality. Funding: This study was funded by grants from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the National Institute on Aging (NIA) contract and was supported by the Intramural Research Program of the NIA, NIH. The InCHIANTI study was supported as a ‘targeted project’ by the Italian Ministry of Health and in part by the U.S. NIA.

  • Physical activity and all-cause mortality and mediators of the association in the very old.

    Osawa Y, Abe Y, Takayama M, Oguma Y, Arai Y

    Experimental gerontology (Experimental Gerontology)  150   111374 2021年07月

    研究論文(学術雑誌), 単著, 査読有り,  ISSN  0531-5565

     概要を見る

    Background and objective: Physical activity (PA) confers protection to individuals from the risk of death. However, in the very old, the dose-response relationship between PA and all-cause mortality and the possible biological mediators of this association are less known. We investigated whether PA predicts 6-year all-cause mortality and what biomarkers mediate the association. Design: Prospective cohort data from the Tokyo Oldest Old Survey on Total Health study. Setting: Community-dwelling population. Participants: A total of 441 women and men aged over 85 years. Measurements: Questionnaire-based PA was assessed at baseline and 3-year and 6-year follow-up visits. Survival status was confirmed up to the 6-year follow-up visit (153 deaths, 34.7%). Data of plasma albumin, cholinesterase, NT-proBNP, interleukin-6, cystatin C, and HbA1c levels were collected. For mediation analysis for survival analysis, we used the baseline PA and biomarkers with Weibull distribution accelerated failure time model and linear regression model adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, smoking, education level, and Mini-Mental State Examination. Results: A curvilinear relationship was observed in the association between baseline PA and all-cause mortality. Compared to the inactive (0 METs*h/week), light amount of PA was associated with a lower risk of mortality. Compared to the highest tertile of PA (11.2 METs*h/week), higher PA did not reduce the risk of death. Circulation levels of albumin and cholinesterase mediated the association between baseline PA and all-cause mortality (proportion mediated, 54%, both; p < 0.05). Conclusions: Compared to completely inactive, light PA reduces the risk of all-cause mortality in the very old population. Mediation analysis suggests that protein synthesis in the liver may mediate the association between PA and all-cause mortality. Further studies are needed to understand the underlying association between PA, nutrition, and death.

全件表示 >>

KOARA(リポジトリ)収録論文等 【 表示 / 非表示

競争的研究費の研究課題 【 表示 / 非表示

  • 身体活動推進のための地域介入 多世代複合コホート研究の活用と政策展開

    2023年04月
    -
    継続中

    日本学術振興会 , 科学研究費助成事業 基盤研究(B), 補助金,  研究分担者

  • 老化による運動器の形質変化:オステオサルコペニアに関するプロテオーム解析

    2021年04月
    -
    2024年03月

    文部科学省・日本学術振興会, 科学研究費助成事業, 大澤 祐介, 基盤研究(C), 補助金,  研究代表者

 

担当授業科目 【 表示 / 非表示

  • 公衆衛生実践

    2023年度

  • 健康マネジメント概論

    2023年度

  • 運動疫学

    2023年度

  • 健康マネジメント合同演習

    2023年度

  • 臨床入門

    2023年度

全件表示 >>